1654: Berni Rula Establishes Jakub Janeczek as a New Farmer in Týnec

At the conclusion of the Thirty Years War, the crown conducted a detailed inventory of each estate in Bohemia called the Berní Rula (Tax Roll). The Berní Rula recorded all assets that belonged to each estate. This included farm buildings, cottages, mills, animals, and the size, type, and quality of each farm field.

The crown used this inventory to determine the potential income of each estate. Based on this potential income, the crown imposed an annual tax levy on estate owners. The estate owners in turn used this inventory to impose annual tax levies on the individual farmers, mill operators, and other trades.

While the Berní Rula does not list every person who lived on a farm, it does list the lease holder for the farm by name. The village of Týnec was was part of the the Horažďovice Estate owned by the Šternberk family. The inventory for Týnec lists Jakub Janeczek as a “new farmer” as of 1652.

The following is a translated transcript of the 1654 Berní Rula inventory for the village of Týnec:

Berni Rula 1654 Transcription
Berni Rula 1654 - Village of Tynec Click to Enlarge

In Bohemia, there were several units of measure for area, the most typical is the strych which is synonymous with the korec and mira. One strych is equal to 2,878 m² or approximately .71 acres. Another common unit of area measure found in these records is the merice which is equal to 1999 m² which is equal to .494 acres.

Berni Rula 1654 - Village of Tynec