Frank Janecek is Naturalized as a Citizen of the United States

Frank Files First Papers

On 8 February, 1897 Frank Janecek appeared before the Supreme Court of the State of New York in Manhattan. He filed what were commonly called “first papers”, the colloquial term for his Declaration of Intention. This was the first step in acquiring United States citizenship.

These papers included two parts:

  • A declaration of his intention to acquire citizenship in the United State of America.
  • Statements concerning his occupation (as a tailor) and when he first lived in the United States and  and where he resided

The application process required that an applicant had lived in the United States for a minimum of 5 years. Additionally, each state set their on minimum residency requirement, for the State of New York that requirement was 1 year.

Frank Janecek Declaration of Intention
Frank Janecek filed his Declaration of Intention in 1897.

Frank Files Final Papers and Acquires United States Citizenship

On 15 July 1903, Frank returned to the East District of the United States to file his Petition for Naturalization. The court was located in the Federal Building and Post Office in Brooklyn. These papers were commonly referred to as “second papers” or “final papers.” These were the final step to complete the citizenship process.

These papers also included his signed oath to renounce the Emperor or Austria and King of Hungary and his allegiance to the Constitution of the United States of America.

The final document in the process includes a Certificate of Citizenship or Certificate of Naturalization. A copy of this document has not been located in archives.

Petition for Naturalization for Frank Janecek - Page 1
Frank Janecek filed his "final papers" or Petition for Naturalization in July 1903.
Petition for Naturalization for Frank Janecek - Page 2
Frank Janecek filed his "final papers" or Petition for Naturalization in July 1903.
Oath of Allegiance - Frank Janecek 1903
The Oath of Allegiance signed by Frank Janecek, which renounces allegiance to the Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary and in which he pledges to support the Constitution of the United States of America.